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Posts Tagged ‘Evolution’


sir fred hoyle

Sir Fred Hoyle

Sir Fred Hoyle, a famous UK astronomer, wrote: 

“A super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology … The likelihood of the formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number of 10 with 40 thousand noughts (zeros) after it. It is enough to bury Darwin and the whole theory of Evolution. There was no primeval soup, neither on this planet nor on any other, and if the beginnings of life were not random they must therefore have been the product of a purposeful intelligence,” (Nature: vol.294:105, Nov 12 1981).

 

francis crick

Francis Crick

In 1982 Francis Crick, after discovering DNA, wrote: 

“An honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that in some sense, the Origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have to be satisfied to get it going”(Life Itself, Its Origin and Nature, Futura, London 1982).

James Jeans

Sir James Jeans

In 1930 British physicist Sir James Jeans wrote: 

“Nature seems very conversant with the rules of pure mathematics … In the same way, a scientific study of the action of the Universe has suggested a conclusion which may be summed up… in the statement that the Universe appears to have been designed by a pure mathematician… the Universe can best be pictured, although still very imperfectly and inadequately, as consisting of pure thought… If the Universe is a Universe of thought, then its Creation must have been an act of thought. Indeed the finiteness of space compels us to think of the creator as working outside time and space, which are part of his Creation, just as an artist is outside his canvas,” (The Mysterious Universe p 146).

 

robert jastrow

Robert Jastrow

NASA astronomer Robert Jastrow wrote:

Robert Jastrow “Now we see how the astronomical evidence leads to a Biblical view of the Origin of the world: the chain of events leading to man commenced suddenly and sharply in a definite moment of time, in a flash of light and energy”, (God and the Astronomers, page 14).

 

prof george greenstein

Professor George Greenstein

The astronomer George Greenstein wrote:

“As we survey all the evidence, the thought instantly arises that some supernatural agency, or rather Agency, must be involved. Is it possible that suddenly, without intending to, we have stumbled upon the existence of a Supreme Being? Was it God who stepped in and so providentially crafted the cosmos for our benefit? ” 

 

dr arno penzias

Dr Arno Penzias

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Arno Penzias wrote:

“Astronomy leads us to a unique event, an Universe which was created out of nothing, one with a very delicate balance needed to provide exactly the conditions required to permit life, and one which has an underlying (one might say ‘supernatural’) plan.” 

Robert Shapiro wrote: 

“The improbability involved in generating even one bacterium is so large that it reduces all considerations of time and space to nothingness. Given such odds, the time until the black holes evaporate and the space to the ends of the Universe would make no difference at all. If we were to wait, we would truly be waiting for a miracle”,

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Evolution is not a single science which can be studied in a laboratory, but a whole list of beliefs as long as infinity.

For example, we have listed a very few of the beliefs that Evolutionists teach as fact.

Evolutionists believe, among many other things, that:

1. The whole Universe arose, by chance, at an event widely known as the “”Big Bang.”

2. All of the matter in the Universe was contained, before the “Big Bang” in a “singularity.”

3. The “singularity” was infinitesimally small, incredibly heavy, and created itself!

4. The “Big Bang” happened purely by chance, approximately 13.75 billion years ago.

5. The “Big Bang” was the origin not only of matter, but of Space, Time, and Energy.

6. Space, Time, and Energy evolved simultaneously, all by chance, and all out of a “singularity,” which was infinitesimally small.

7. All of the 118 known elements evolved from Hydrogen and Helium, the elements of the Sun, a process known as “Chemical Evolution.”

8. The incredibly complex Galaxies, Solar System, the Sun, the Stars, Planets, moons around the planets, comets, asteroids, and space dust all evolved by pure chance. They all evolved from an initial source known as a “singularity.” This process is known as “Stellar and Planetary Evolution”.

9. The incredibly complex orbits of all known space bodies in the solar system, such as the planets, all occurred purely by chance.

10. The vast number of incredibly finely tuned parameters necessary for life on Planet Earth all evolved simultaneously and correctly, purely by chance.

11. Here is a very short list of just a few of these parameters, although there are millions of them:

  •  The temperature
  •  The magnetic field
  •  The partial pressure of all gases
  •  The rotation period of the Earth
  •  The gravitational forces in the Universe
  •  The water vapour saturation
  •  The availability of natural resources

12. There are literally millions of other finely tuned and interdependent parameters, which all have zero variation tolerance to maintain life.

13. According to Evolution this amazing number of interdependent parameters all spontaneously generated, perfect for life, with no error at all, purely by chance.

14. After this “self generation” of the Universe, “Primitive Life” arose, by chance, out of the “primordial ooze” some time after the Evolution of Planet Earth, 4.54 billion years ago. This process is known as “Spontaneous Generation.”

15. Nobody has ever seen life arising from an inanimate object, but Evolutionists insist this happened. This happened purely by chance, according to Evolutionists.

16. According to Evolution, “Primitive Life Forms” arose from inanimate matter, which contradicts the Laws of Biogenesis.

17. We would like to point out that all life forms contain DNA, the most highly complicated information storage medium ever known to mankind. No life form containing DNA could possibly be called “Primitive Life Forms” by anyone other than an Evolutionist!

18. This highly complex DNA, the incredibly complex design code used by all living creatures, also arose by chance, according to Evolution, by “Spontaneous Generation.”

19. According to Sir Fred Hoyle,

A super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology … The likelihood of the formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number of 10 with 40 thousand noughts (zeros) after it. It is enough to bury Darwin and the whole theory of Evolution. There was no primeval soup, neither on this planet nor on any other, and if the beginnings of life were not random they must therefore have been the product of a purposeful intelligence, (Nature: vol.294:105, Nov 12 1981).

DNA

20. Purely by chance, DNA, within the incredibly complex cells of all living organisms, could communicate with messenger RNA (called mRNA) so that perfect amino acids could be manufactured within all cells.

21. In other words the two design codes, DNA and mRNA, independently arose by chance, by Spontaneous Generation, with inbuilt messenger codes that, by chance, were identical!

22. As well as spontaneously generating themselves, DNA and mRNA were independently able to transmit and receive highly sophisticated messages to each other about the manufacture of highly specialised amino acids, all purely by chance!

23. The specialised manufacture of all other cells within all living organisms all “Spontaneously Generated” independently, simultaneously, and all by chance!

24. These cells included specialised cells such as skin cells, muscle cells, blood cells, brain cells, eye cells, liver cells, kidney cells, bone cells, and reproductive cells (to name just a few).

25. The cells that had spontaneously generated could spontaneously communicate with each other, purely by chance.

26. The ability of all living organisms to manufacture, replicate and repair highly specialised cells also arose, by chance.

27. Let us take the Spontaneous Generation of the eye, as an example.

According to Evolution: 

  • The cells of the cornea miraculously became transparent, permitting the passage of light, purely by chance.
  • Simultaneously highly sophisticated rods and cones developed within the retinas of the eyes of all living organisms, purely by chance.
  • These rods and cones spontaneously developed the ability to encode light into electrical impulses, which then travelled along the self manufactured Optic Nerves, which also arose spontaneously and simultaneously, and purely by chance.

Cerebral Cortex

  • Highly sophisticated cells within the Cerebral Cortex simultaneously spontaneously develop.
  • These highly specialised, self generating cells of the Cerebral Cortex could interpret these electrical impulses, and convert these electrical signals into stereoscopic sight, purely by chance.
  • The stereoscopic sight could then be interpreted by other self generating, highly sophisticated brain cells of the Cerebral Cortex, in a highly developed independent function called Thought and Subconscious Awareness.
  • The self generating higher cortical functions, thought and Subconscious Awareness, then influences the other Higher Cortical thoughts, and movements, both voluntary, and involuntary, of the whole body.
  • The whole brain, the most highly developed computer system known to man, also self generated independently, simultaneously, and perfect at the very first attempt, purely by chance.
  • The above is an incredibly simplified model of eyesight, which we all use every moment of our waking lives without thinking about it.
  • Evolution teaches that this amazing chain of “spontaneous and totally arbitrary events” occurred purely by chance.

28. Each cell in the human body is vitally dependent on other cells to survive, but, according to Evolution, this perfectly structured interdependent system all evolved simultaneously, perfectly functional and integrated, and purely by chance.

29. For example, a brain cell needs oxygen to survive for more than a few seconds, and is vitally dependent on the respiratory system and the circulatory system to provide that oxygen.

30. During the supposed millions of years required for the Evolutionary process to occur there was no room for error at all, or the brain cells would die.

31. However, according to Evolution this was no problem, because the Circulatory Systems and the Respiratory Systems all spontaneously self-generated, by chance, at exactly the same time, as well as all the physical structures to support these complex systems.

32. To ensure adequate oxygen supply to the brain cells, there was spontaneous generation of the alveoli, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, heart, blood vessels, capillaries, the blood-oxygen brain barrier, the specialised haemoglobin to carry the oxygen, and the blood itself.

33. According to Evolution, all of these structures and systems all developed, by chance, perfectly integrated, simultaneously, and working perfectly first time!

34. We would like to point out that there was no room for error at all. For example:

  • Without oxygen, brain cells die almost immediately.
  • Unless all of the systems involved with eyesight evolved absolutely perfectly first time, no eyesight is possible, and the life form would be blind.
  • Unless the Reproductive Systems of both males and females of all living species of all living animals, birds, fish, insects, and humans all evolved absolutely correctly, with perfect recognition of their own life forms, but rejection of all other life forms, then Reproduction is impossible.
  • This list is virtually without end, so we will leave the reader to think of all the other limitless “coincidences” that Evolution encompasses, all supposedly according to Chance.

35. Evolution teaches that all Anatomical, Physiological and Biochemical systems necessary for life, all spontaneously generated by chance, all perfectly functional, perfectly interdependent, and all by chance.

36. All the oxygen necessary for the survival of all animal life spontaneously arose, by chance.

37. All living organisms breathe in and metabolise oxygen, and exhale the waste products of combustion, carbon dioxide.

38. All plant cells do precisely the opposite, maintaining the equilibrium.

39. This amazing interdependent process, vital for all life, providentially also spontaneously arose purely by chance.

40. Chlorophyll in all vegetable matter harnesses the energy of the Sun, to manufacture vegetable plant structures and energy, and produces oxygen as a waste product.

41. This oxygen is vital for the life of all animal life forms. However, according to Evolutionists, this happened simultaneously, perfectly developed, at exactly the right time, and purely by chance. How very convenient and fortuitous for Evolution!

42. According to Evolution, “Primitive Life Forms” evolved very slowly.

43. We would like to point out that all of these “Primitive Life Forms” contain DNA, the most complex computer storage medium known to man, as well as the incredibly complex biochemical systems within each single cell.

44. By no stretch of any imagination could any life form be regarded as “Primitive”.

45. According to Evolution, “Complex Life Forms” arose by a process of Evolution known as Natural Selection, so that “poorly adapted” life forms could be removed by predators from the “Evolutionary Process”.

46. According to Evolution, “Primitive Life Forms” such as fish were subjected to the processes of Natural Selection, so that they evolved into more complex life forms, such as reptiles, mammals, and birds.

47. According to Evolution, eventually man evolved from the apes, through a series of intermediate forms.

48. According to Evolutionists, the whole process of Evolution was incredibly slow, and took millions of years, which is why nobody has ever actually seen one species of animal, fish or bird evolve into another species.

49. Evolutionists claim that Evolution is slowly happening all the time.

50. According to Evolutionists, the reason that Evolution cannot be observed in any zoo, farm, or household, let alone in the wild, is because Evolution happens so slowly that nobody has ever observed it.

51. According to the Theory of Evolution new species of animals, birds and fish should be found all the time, or at least one every few years.

52. We would like to point out that certain wildlife trusts exist world-wide to protect the number of threatened and endangered species of animals, birds, and fish.

53. The total number of species is actually declining every year, in spite of Evolution, which is supposed to produce new species!

54. All species of animals and humans are commonly seen in different forms, although nobody has eve seen a single species of any living organism change into another species!

55. We should clarify that we do NOT include micro-Evolution, which is variations within kinds of species, such as different species of dogs, cats, and horses, amongst many others.

56. Charles Darwin wrote an interesting book in 1859, “The Origin of the Species” about the length and breadth of the beaks of 14 endemic varieties of finches in the Galapagos Islands.

57. Charles Darwin’s famous book certainly proved beyond doubt Micro-Evolution but certainly did not prove either the Origin of Life or Macro-Evolution from one species to another, as is commonly supposed.

58. There was also an interesting study on pepper moths, with light and dark coloured wings.

59. These moths are known as Typica and Melanic pepper moths, and this study also proved Micro-Evolution, and also Natural Selection of species poorly adapted to their environment, but certainly not Macro-Evolution.

60. This study on moths demonstrated the process of Natural Selection of pepper moths poorly adapted for their environments, or variation within a kind, known as Micro-Evolution.

The above list contains just a very few of the very long list of interdependent beliefs that Evolutionists maintain are fact, and are taught as fact in virtually all schools and universities in the Western world. 

  • The above list could be literally extended to infinity, but we have chosen to highlight a few of the infinite number of beliefs that Evolutionists teach as proven fact.
  • Evolutionists tend to believe that their World View is the only view that is consistent with Science.
  • Of all of the above points, only the points concerning Micro-Evolution can be the subject of serious scientific study, since they are the only points that can be replicated in controlled and non-prejudiced, repeatable trials.
  • The Theory of Evolution is a Theory according to its name.
  • Because all of the teachings of Evolution cannot be proved or disproved, Evolution is a belief system, not a science.

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Charles Darwin proposed the theory of evolutio...

Charles Darwin

The Theory of Evolution

Much of the following information has been adapted from the work on Dr David Rosevear, UK, web site:www.Creationsciencemovement.com

 

 
Charles Darwin and his book, “The Origin of the Species

– Charles Darwin wrote “The Origin of the Species” in 1859.

– What he observed was very small variation in the length and breadth of the beaks of finches. Finches are small birds found in the Galapagos Islands, off the Western cost of South America.

– Darwin actually noted variation within a species, or variation of a kind.

– These variations in the bird’s beaks were so minor that later visitors to the Islands had trouble identifying the variations.

– What Darwin actually observed was Micro-Evolution, or variation within one species of bird, which we all see all the time.

– Darwin need not have bothered to travel to the Galapagos Islands to observe Micro-Evolution, or variation within species.

– Everyone sees evidence of variation within a species all the time.

– Darwin did not observe Macro-Evolution, the changing of one species into another, for example a lizard turning into a bird.

– Macro-Evolution has never been observed by anybody.

– Darwin observed variation of a species within a kind, namely Micro-Evolution, which is commonly observed in every country in the world.

Macro-Evolution

– Macro-Evolution is defined as the mutation of one species to another species, and has never been observed.

– Since Evolution is supposed to happen very slowly, there should be plenty of examples of Evolution all around us, with new species being
formed all the time.

– However, no evolutionist has ever actually produced one living example of a species actually changing into another species.

– A number of fossil relics and skeletons have been produced, claiming to demonstrate Macro-Evolution.

– However, these fossil remains are hotly debated, some have been shown to be frauds, and Carbon Dating itself is not accepted by many Creationists.

– If Evolution was true, the total number of species in the world should be increasing every year.

– In fact, the number of species in the world is declining every year, according to the World Wildlife Organisation.

Micro-Evolution

Micro-Evolution is defined as the variation within one kind of species. There are large number of dogs found all over the world. Dog DNA has a gene pool for long legs, short legs, long hair, short hair, large bodies and small bodies etc. Since dogs share the same common gene pool, dogs may be interbred with other kinds of dogs, and the resultant dog is called a mongrel dog, with features common to both parents. The same may be found with cats, horses, rabbits, guinea pigs, and many other animals commonly seen.

However, it is not possible to interbreed a dog with a rabbit. These different species do not share the same gene pool. In rare cases distantly related species may be interbred, such as a horse with a donkey. However, the resultant offspring is invariably sterile, and unable to continue this new “species”.

In Contrast with Macro-Evolution, Micro-Evolution is defined as the variation within one kind of species and is very commonly observed. Examples of Micro-Evolution include the variation between kinds of dogs, cats, birds, horses, and ducks.

Charles Darwin need not have bothered to travel to the Galapagos Islands, he could have easily noticed Micro-Evolution amongst domestic pets in his own home, or birds in his own garden. Charles Darwin did not observe Macro-Evolution, but Micro-Evolution, which is commonly observed on an everyday basis.

Melanic and Typica Pepper Moths

Melanic Pepper Moth

Melanic Pepper Moth

Another so called “proof” of Evolution, often quoted, is the natural selection of moths in England, according to the colour of their wings in England during the Industrial Revolution. At this time there was considerable industrial pollution near large cities, and black coal dust was deposited on the barks of trees, making the trees darker.

It was noticed that the moths with dark coloured wings, the Melanic moths, were better adapted to their environment, and were better camouflaged. The Melanic moths were therefore not as clearly seen by birds, their natural predators, as the moths with light coloured wings, known as the Typica pepper moths, against the dark bark of trees.

This discovery was hailed as a great breakthrough in proving Natural Selection by “Survival of the Fittest” as the mechanism for Evolution.

However, this Natural selection only applies within a kind, or species. It certainly applies to Micro-Evolution, and is commonly seen throughout mature. However, it certainly does not prove Macro-Evolution, which has never been observed anywhere.

Darwin proposed his Theory of Evolution on the basis of:

1. Variation within species, using his example of the length and breadth of finches’ beaks in the Galapagos Islands.

2. Survival of the fittest, strongest and best adapted animals.

3. Gene mutation as his proposed method for providing new genetic information fro new species or kinds of living organisms.

Gene Mutation does NOT provide new useful genetic information

Mutation in the DNA code within every cell of every living organism is commonly observed, and can be caused by:

1. Radiation

2. Chemicals

3. Disease

However, all actual observed Gene Mutations cause disease or malformation. Examples of these include:

1. Down’s syndrome.

2. Spina bifida.

3. Anencephaly (absent head).

4. Tragic foetal abnormalities caused by drugs such as Thalidomide.

5. Tragic increase of cancer following the nuclear explosion in Chernobyl.

6. Tragic increase in cancer following the nuclear explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Conclusion: Gene mutation, as proposed by Charles Darwin, according to actual observation does NOT lead to the development of a new gene pool, and does NOT lead to a new species.

Natural Selection does NOT lead to Macro-Evolution

  • Natural selection provides no new genetic information from which a new species can evolve.
  • Natural selection actually preserves the species, rather than encouraging the Evolution of a mutant.
  • Mutations, as actually observed, are abnormal mutations, which are selected against.

Science does NOT support Evolution

– Darwin postulated that Evolution occurs very slowly, but there are no intermediate fossil forms.

– All observed information systems, as found in DNA, require an outside programming Intelligence, such as a Designer, a Creator, God.
“Simple” life forms, such as Amoebas are in fact incredibly complex, because these unicellular organisms contain DNA.

– Evolution is not supported by Molecular Biology.

– For example, different kinds of fish and animals have different haemoglobin.

– To create anything, on this planet, or in the Universe, you need both Power and Information.

– Information cannot create itself, and cannot harness itself in the highly complex DNA of all living organisms without and Outside Agency, Who the Bible refers to as God.

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1. Nobody was present at the Biblical Creation 6,000 years ago. creation and evolution

2. Nobody was present at the supposed “Big Bang“, whether it was 20 billion or 12 billion years ago.

3. The two belief systems are about as far apart as it is possible to be, a difference of 3.3 million times in time scale alone, and a massive difference in probabilities.

4. If you asked the average child (or non-prejudiced adult) which of the two models, Creation or Evolution, was the more likely, there would be no contest at all

5. The Theory of Evolution is outrageous to virtually everybody in Africa, India, Pakistan, South East Asia and South America, irrespective of their religious or cultural background.

6. Two thirds of the world’s population believe that this planet was created.

7. There is a wide variation of opinion amongst those 4 billion people about how and when the world was created, but the cultures of approximately 4 billion people still believe in Creation.

8. University professors and teachers of Western “civilised” society believe they know better than everybody else, and are frantically trying to convert everybody else to their new belief system called Evolution, all caused by a “god” called “chance”.

9. In our Western First World society Creation is widely ridiculed.

10. In the rest of the world, predominantly Second and Third World societies, Evolution is regarded as absurd.

11. Evolutionists love to talk about “Primitive Life Forms,” which do not exist in the real world. If life is so “simple” and “primitive”, these clever people should have no problem at all creating a “simple life form” in a laboratory. So far, they have not.

12. In the real world, all life is incredibly complex, as many scientists quoted in our teaching below have acknowledged.

13. Most people in Western cultures have been taught to accept unquestioningly certain principles, one of which is the Theory of Evolution.

14. The Theory of Evolution is a theory, not a fact.

15. The idea that life evolved by “Spontaneous Generation” out of nothing is a belief, and is contrary to the Law of Biogenesis.

16. No unambiguous information, acceptable in a science laboratory or a court of law, confirms the Creation of Life by means of any Evolutionary process.

17. Scientists have no clear data supporting the idea that life evolved over millions of years.

18. There is no known way to test experimentally the idea that the Origin of the Universe resulted from a “Big Bang”, or that life arose by “Spontaneous Generation.”

19. Most of modern science, as taught in our Western schools and universities, is atheist when considering the Origins of Life.

20. Biblical accounts of the Origins of Space, Matter, Time, Energy, and Life are considered to be “outside the realms of science.”

21. In fact the Bible is a very scientific book, as demonstrated in our teaching The Bible is Supernatural on this web site.

22. Unfortunately neither the Biblical Creation Model nor the Evolution Model can be subjected to the normal scientific experimental processes. They are both belief systems.

23. In order to have a serious discussion about either Creation or Evolution, an unprejudiced person will have to abandon concepts that Science has “proved Evolution.”

24. Science cannot prove or disprove Creation or Evolution.

25. Instead we all have to make observations about our Solar system and our Planet Earth, and come to conclusions based on our observations. This does not involve the use of the normal scientific method.

26. To study both Creation and Evolution we have to use a different method, but this is the only method that is available to us. We can make observations and conclusions, but we cannot test these theories.

27. We believe that the process of actual scientific observation and conclusion very strongly supports Creation, as we intend to demonstrate.

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